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Mallappally is a taluk in the district of Pathanamthitta in Kerala. The word ‘mallan’ means strong people and the word ‘pally’ means place. It is believed that the people lived there were brave and aggressive people. Hence the name ‘Mallappally’. Though it lies in Pattanamthitta, it is in proximity to the district of Kottayam. Due to the English education taught by the Anglican Missionaries during 19th century, the place was called as ‘Land of the BA people’ and it was part of Travancore Kingdom earlier. Mallappally is governed by a Panchayat office.
History of Mallappally
During ancient times, Manimala River was known as Vallayar River. The town was situated on the banks of the Vallayar River. Buddhist missionaries sent by the Mauryan Kings throughout Asia also visited Mallappally. Before the Cheran Kings converted to Vedic Aryanism in 19th century, Buddhism was followed in Mallappally. Before Mallappally was annexed to Travancore Kingdom, it was part of Thekkumkur Kingdom.
Geography of Mallappally
Mallappally is situated at 9o26’46’ N 76o39’24’E. The total area of Mallappally is 167.9 Sq Km (64.8 sq mi) and it has an elevation of 3 m (10 ft). Manimala River which flows through the centre of town and the town is divided into East Mallappally and West Mallappally. Kochuparamb Thodu stream joins Mallappally with the district of Kottayam at Nedungadappally. The tourists can enter the Mallappally town through the Mallappally Bridge.
Climate of Mallappally
The town experiences a tropical climate and it also gets significant rainfall throughout the year. Koppen and Geiger has classified the climate of Mallappally as Am. The average annual temperature of Mallappally is 27.4oC and the average rainfall is 2919 mm. April is the hottest month.
Business and Economy in Mallappally
Predominant occupation of people of Mallappally is agriculture. But the town also receives income from NRIs settled in USA, UAE, England and Saudi Arabia. Some of them even return to Mallappally and establish businesses here. The town is also a major trade hub on Kottayam-Kozhencherry on State Highway.
Culture of Mallappally
Syrian Christians and Hindus constitute the population of Mallappally. During summer every year, the river water recedes and several sandy beds are formed which is ideal to hold festivals as well as conventions. Shivarathri festival and Mallappally convention take place during such sandy patches near Manimala Bridge. Yet another major festival is the festival of Vishu Mahotsavam which takes place in Pariyaram Sree Krishna Swamy temple. During this festival, people of Mallappally as well as Tiruvalla take part in the celebrations.
Tourism in Mallappally
Some of the tourists’ attractions of Mallappally are as follows:
Old Syrian Church (Pazhaya Suriyani Pally)
This oldest church lies on Manimala River’s eastern banks. But the church was deserted by a group of Christians who joined the Anglican missionaries reformation movement in 19th century. This church is co-owned by Mar Thoma Church as well as Orthodox Church and has regular worship on fourth Sunday on each month.
Thirumalida Mahadeva Temple
This temple is also situated on the Manimala River’s eastern banks. The appearance of the temple is similar to that of Kashi Vishwanath Temple. Hence, this temple is quite famous. During the Karkidakam month (i.e. in July and August), thousands of pilgrims visit this temple to perform Karkkidaka vavubali. This temple also celebrates Shivarathri on the riverbed of Manimala River.
This is the oldest church in the Mallappally taluk and second only to Niranam Church built by Saint Thomas.
This is a famous temple for Shivaparvathi situated in the Mallappally taluk.
Pariyaram Sree Krishna Swamy Temple
The most popular temple for Lord Sree Krishna called as Pariyaram Sree Krishna Swamy Temple is situated in this Taluk.
Vacation Bible School
This was started by CSI Missionaries between 1953 to 1956.
The Mallappally Convention
It is an annual gathering of Malakara Christian Community which consists of Mar Thoma as well as CSI. This is being held since 1912.
This is a famous Hanuman temple situated at Kaviyoor and is India’s oldest stone temple.
Apart from the above, St George Orthodox Church located at Changaroor as well as St Paul and St Peter church in Pathicadu are other major attractions of the town.
How to Reach Mallappally
Mallappally lies on the State Highway 9 and is well connected by road to other cities of Pathanamthitta district and other major cities of Kerala state. KSRTC buses and private buses operate in Mallappally. The nearest railway station is Tiruvalla which lies 12 Kms away from Mallappally. Cochin International Airport which is situated 100 Kms away is the nearest airport to Mallappally. If the Aranmula International Airport is completed, then it will be the closest airport which is situated some 14 Kms away from Mallappally. The tourists can travel by bus or hire a taxi to reach Mallappally from Tiruvalla and Cochin.